A. Attachment—The capsid binds to the outer layer of specific cell type. Rice scientists analyze structure, mechanism of phage protein that steals electrons. See Answer. What does the chemiosmotic process in chloroplasts involve? Here, we show that the induced expression of ssc-miR-221-3p and ssc-miR-222 in swine cells is modulated by NF-κB P65 phosphorylation in response to AIV infection but not swine influenza virus infection. What is the main difference between cholesterol and fat. That may be of interest to those of us above who breathe. The host range of a virus is determined by A) the enzymes carried by the virus. The host range of a virus is determined by A the structure of the viral capsid from BIO 066.6 at La Sierra University The nucleic acid and proteins of each class of viruses assemble themselves into a structure called a nucleoprotein, or nucleocapsid. Explanations of host range evolution have focused mostly on this second set of intrinsic, genetic factors. B) whether its nucleic acid is DNA or RNA. Host Range . Whether its nucleic acid is DNA or RNA c. The proteins in the host’s cytoplasm d. The enzymes produced by the virus before it infects the cell e. The protein on its surface and that of the hose Which of the following statements concerning viruses is true? Share: FULL STORY That is, viruses infect specific cells or tissues of specific hosts, or specific bacteria, or specific plants. D) the enzymes produced by the virus before it infects the cell. 42) The host range of a virus is determined by 42) A) whether its nucleic acid is DNA or RNA. For closely related hosts, the biochemical differences can be quite subtle. Host range is often, but not always, determined by success or failure of adsorption." Canine parvovirus host range is determined by the specific conformation of an additional region of the capsid. SitemapCopyright © 2005 - 2021 ProProfs.com. 3. the proteins in the host's cytoplasm. Which bone is in direct contact with the first metatarsal? The host range of a virus is determined by A) the enzymes carried by the virus. B) the proteins in the host's cytoplasm. What are the symptoms and causes of Ischemic heart disease (IHD)? 6) The host range of a virus is determined by _____. E) the proteins on its surface and that of the host. Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Penetrating the membrane are additional proteins that determine the specificity of the virus to host cells. a. the proteins on its surface and that of the host. Virus virulence and host susceptibility are interdependent properties that are determined by the virus–host combination and that together result in the manifestations of infection. A new study reports on the systematic analysis of the host range of canine parvovirus (CPV) and reveals different factors that determine which carnivores the virus can infect. Host miRNAs can regulate influenza A virus replication; however, the role of miRNAs in host species specificity is unclear. Host range is important in viral attachment, attachment of a virus is a specific binding between viral capsid (surface) proteins and specific receptors on the surface of the host. Poliovirus Host Range Is Determined by a Short Amino Acid Sequence in Neutralization Antigenic Site I Michael G. Murray, Jonathan Bradley, Xiao-Feng Yang, Eckard Wimmer,Eric G. Moss, and Vincent R. Racaniello Michael G. Murray, Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794; The emerging arbovirus Chandipura virus (CV) has been implicated in epidemics of acute encephalitis in India with high mortality rates. What is the most abundant chemical substance in the human body? - Viral specificity refers to the specific kinds of cells a virus can infect. Structure of Viruses . b. whether its nucleic acid is dna or rna. A host is an organism that harbors a parasite or a mutual or commensal symbiont, typically providing nourishment and shelter. The host has many barriers against infection that are inherent in the organism. virus capsid, then the organism is in the virus host range and the organism may be infected. The host range is usually a function of an inability of the virus to successfully adsorb and/or enter cells because of an incompatibility between virus capsid proteins (or virus envelope proteins) and the host receptor molecule. C. the proteins in the host's cytoplasm. Infection of agroinoculated plants was confirmed by DIBA and polymerase chain reaction. The host range is usually a function of an inability of the virus to successfully adsorb and/or enter cells because of an incompatibility between virus capsid proteins (or virus envelope proteins ) and the host receptor molecule. Rice University scientists analyzed the role o Wiki User Answered . The host range of a virus is determined by. 1. Which process oxygen is consumed during cellular respiration is involved directly? These include the ability to bind and enter cells, to replicate the viral RNA genome within the host cell nucleus, to evade host restriction factors and innate immune responses and to transmit between individuals. [ "article:topic", "authorname:boundless", "showtoc:no", "license:ccbysa" ], https:[email protected][email protected]lves%2FMicrobiology%2FBook%253A_Microbiology_(Boundless)%2F9%253A_Viruses%2F9.1%253A_Overview_of_Viruses%2F9.1D%253A_Host_Range, Explain factors that limit viral host range. 7 8 9. Host range of the Pierce's disease virus of Grapes as determined by insect transmission. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. Scientists analyze structure, mechanism of phage protein that steals electrons virus ’ host range of a virus determined... California School of Medicine, San Francisco 94143-0128 most viruses will only able! The Pierce 's disease virus of Grapes as determined by the specific conformation an... Virus particle and the organism 's cytoplasm temperate virus ( some viri never kill the host cytoplasm. Speaker at California the host range of a virus in most vertebrate insect!, between bone and cartilage, or specific bacteria, or nucleocapsid most plant species in the human body this... Synthesis and ATP generation capsid binds to the heart were cut FULL HPS! 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